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Scoliosis

Coastal Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine Center

Orthopaedic Surgery & Sports Medicine located in Port St. Lucie, FL & Stuart, FL

An abnormal curvature of the spine may be scoliosis, a condition that’s most common among children and adolescents. The expert team at Coastal Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Center diagnoses and treats scoliosis in patients ages four and older at their two locations in Port St. Lucie and Stuart, Florida. If you or your child has scoliosis, call today.

Scoliosis

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is when the spine curves sideways in an S- or C- shape. Different types of scoliosis include:

Idiopathic scoliosis

Idiopathic scoliosis has no known cause. About 80% of scoliosis cases are idiopathic. This type of scoliosis most commonly develops during a child’s growth spurt just before adolescence.  

Congenital scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis happens when the vertebrae are misshapen at birth. It’s possible to diagnose congenital scoliosis in early infancy, but the signs don’t usually appear until later in childhood. 

Neuromuscular scoliosis

This type of scoliosis results from an underlying neuromuscular condition, such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spina bifida. 

What are the signs and symptoms of scoliosis?

If the spine curves more than 10 degrees to the right or left, it’s considered scoliosis. Noticeable signs and symptoms of scoliosis include:

  • A difference in shoulder or hip height
  • A head that isn’t centered with the rest of the body
  • A difference in the way the arms hang when standing straight
  • Prominent or asymmetrical ribs in the front or back


Because scoliosis symptoms resemble other spinal deformities, it’s important to see the professional team at Coastal Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Center for an accurate diagnosis. 

How is scoliosis diagnosed?

First, your doctor at Coastal Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Center carefully reviews your or your child’s medical history and performs a physical exam. 

During the exam, they may ask you or your child to bend forward from the waist to check for any curvature in the upper or lower spine. 

They may also take imaging tests, such as an X-ray, to confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis and evaluate the severity of the curvature. In some cases, they may also take a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.

What treatment options are available for scoliosis?

After they diagnose scoliosis, the team at Coastal Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Center creates an individualized treatment plan. 

They consider many factors when recommending the best treatment for your child, including their age, as well as the type and severity of their scoliosis.

The team at Coastal Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Center always explores conservative treatments first, such as bracing the spine. If the condition progresses, they recommend scoliosis surgery. 

For adults with scoliosis, treatment usually begins with physical therapy. If back pain persists, your provider may recommend steroid injections. They only consider surgery if other therapies fail to adequately relieve your symptoms. 

For high-quality care of scoliosis, call Coastal Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Center today.