With Muscle Sparing Technique
Because joints are in constant use, they often wear out over time due to overuse, arthritis or aging. Joint reconstruction or replacement may be required to relieve pain and restore function. Most joints in the body, including the shoulders, elbows, wrists, hips, knees, ankles and feet, are synovial, permitting movement and articulation. When these joints suffer traumatic injury, or when the cartilage that normally protects them wears away, surgical repair or replacement may be necessary.
Joint replacement is a surgical procedure, usually performed on the hip, shoulder or knee. During joint replacement surgery, a damaged joint is removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called a prosthesis. Prosthetic joints mimic the shape and movement of a natural joint. During a traditional joint replacement surgery, large incisions are made and muscles, tendons and ligaments are often cut to access the joint. When more tissues, muscles and tendons are cut during surgery, recovery is painful and the healing process is longer.
Joint replacement surgery can now be performed with a minimally invasive surgical approach that leaves key muscles and tendons intact. During the procedure, muscles are not cut, but temporarily separated, for access to the joint, resulting in less trauma to the patient. Joint replacement surgery that uses muscle-sparing techniques, results in a less painful and faster recovery for most patients, than with traditional joint replacement surgery. Because there is less disruption to the muscle during this type of procedure, patients are able to return more rapidly to normal activities.
Joint replacement provides restored mobility and great relief to patients suffering from chronic joint pain. Physical rehabilitation is a critical component of recovery after any type of joint replacement surgery. By restoring full movement, joint replacement surgery enables patients to lead more active, productive and comfortable lives.